forms returns a collection (an HTMLCollection) of the <form> elements within the current document.


collection = document.forms;

Example: Getting form information

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<title>document.forms example</title>


<form id="robby">
  <input type="button" onclick="alert(document.forms[0].id);" value="robby's form" />

<form id="dave">
  <input type="button" onclick="alert(document.forms[1].id);" value="dave's form" />

<form id="paul">
  <input type="button" onclick="alert(document.forms[2].id);" value="paul's form" />


Example 2: Getting an element from within a form

var selectForm = document.forms[index];
var selectFormElement = document.forms[index].elements[index];


Specification Status Comment
WHATWG HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'Document.forms' in that specification.
Living Standard  
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 HTML Specification
The definition of 'Document.forms' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.

See also