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The border-left CSS property is a shorthand that sets the values of border-left-color, border-left-style, and border-left-width. These properties describe the left border of elements.

The three values of the shorthand property can be specified in any order, and one or two of them may be omitted.

As with all shorthand properties, border-left always sets the values of all of the properties that it can set, even if they are not specified. It sets those that are not specified to their default values. This means that:
  border-left-style: dotted;
  border-left: thick green;

is actually the same as

  border-left-style: dotted;
  border-left: none thick green;

and the value of border-left-style given before border-left is ignored.

Since the default value of border-left-style is none, not specifying the border-style part of the value means that the property specifies its default value which is none and means no border.

Initial valueas each of the properties of the shorthand:
Applies toall elements. It also applies to ::first-letter.
Computed valueas each of the properties of the shorthand:
Animatableas each of the properties of the shorthand:
Canonical orderorder of appearance in the formal grammar of the values


border-left: 1px;
border-left: 2px dotted;
border-left: medium dashed green;


See border-left-width.
See border-left-style.
See border-left-color.

Formal syntax

<br-width> || <br-style> || <color>

<br-width> = <length> | thin | medium | thick
<br-style> = none | hidden | dotted | dashed | solid | double | groove | ridge | inset | outset
<color> = <rgb()> | <rgba()> | <hsl()> | <hsla()> | <hex-color> | <named-color> | currentcolor | <deprecated-system-color>

<rgb()> = rgb( <rgb-component>#{3} )
<rgba()> = rgba( <rgb-component>#{3} , <alpha-value> )
<hsl()> = hsl( <hue>, <percentage>, <percentage> )
<hsla()> = hsla( <hue>, <percentage>, <percentage>, <alpha-value> )
<named-color> = <ident>
<deprecated-system-color> = ActiveBorder | ActiveCaption | AppWorkspace | Background | ButtonFace | ButtonHighlight | ButtonShadow | ButtonText | CaptionText | GrayText | Highlight | HighlightText | InactiveBorder | InactiveCaption | InactiveCaptionText | InfoBackground | InfoText | Menu | MenuText | Scrollbar | ThreeDDarkShadow | ThreeDFace | ThreeDHighlight | ThreeDLightShadow | ThreeDShadow | Window | WindowFrame | WindowText

<rgb-component> = <integer> | <percentage>
<alpha-value> = <number>
<hue> = <number>



<div class='box'>
  <p>This box has a border on the left side.</p>


.box {
  background-color: #ffaabb;
  border-left: 4px solid #000;
  height: 100px;
  width: 100px;

.box p {
  font-weight: bold;
  text-align: center;


Specification Status Comment
CSS Backgrounds and Borders Module Level 3
The definition of 'border-left' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation No direct changes, though the modification of values for the border-left-color do apply to it.
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of 'border-left' in that specification.
Recommendation No significant changes
CSS Level 1
The definition of 'border-left' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 1.0 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 4 3.5 1.0 (85)
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 1.0 1.0 (1.0) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: fscholz,